Thursday, 21 April 2022

SMARTWATCH TECHNOLOGY

                                                    

  

                                          SMARTWATCH TECHNOLOGY


A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a watch; modern smartwatches provide a local touchscreen interface for daily use, while an associated smartphone app provides for management and
telemetry. While early models could perform basic tasks, such as calculations, digital time telling, translations, and game-playing. While digital watches have been around for decades—some with abilities like calculators and unit converters—only in the 2010s did tech companies begin releasing watches with smartphone-like abilities.2010s smartwatches have more general functionality closer to martphones, including mobile apps, a mobile operating system and WiFi/Bluetooth connectivity. Some smartwatches function as portable media players, with FM radio and playback of digital audio and video files via a Bluetooth headset.While internal hardware varies, most have an electronic visual display, either backlit LCD or OLED.Software may include digital maps, schedulers and personal organizers, calculators, and various kinds of watch faces. The watch may communicate with external devices such as sensors, wireless headsets, or a heads-up display. Like other computers, a smartwatch may collect information from internal or external sensors and it may control, or retrieve data from, other instruments or computers. It may support wireless technologies such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, and GPS. For many purposes, a "watch computer" serves as a front end for a remote system such as a smartphone, communicating with the smartphone using various wireless technologies.
  The first digital watch, which debuted in 1972, was the Pulsar manufactured by Hamilton Watch
Company. "Pulsar" became a brand name which would later be acquired by Seiko in 1978. In 1982.Seiko began to develop computers in the form of watches. The Data 2000 watch came with anexternal keyboard for data-entry. Data was synced from the keyboard to the watch via electro-magnetic coupling wireless docking.During the 1980s, Casio began to market a successful line of "computer watches", in addition to its calculator watches. Most notable was the Casio data bank series. Novelty "game watches", such as the Nelsonic game watches, were also produced by Casio and other companies.The early Timex Datalink Smartwatches realized a wireless data transfer mode to receive data from a PC. Appointments and contacts created with Microsoft Schedule+, the predecessor of MS Outlook, could be easily transmitted to the watch via a screen blinking light protocol.
 In 1999,Samsung launched the world's first watch phone, the SPH-WP10. It had a protruding antenna, a monochrome LCD screen, and a 90-minutes of talk time with an integrated speaker and microphone.In June 2000 IBM displayed a prototype for the WatchPad, IBM began to collaborate with Citizen Watch Co. to create the WatchPad. In 2003, Fossil released the Wrist PDA, a watch which ran the Palm OS and contained 8 MB of RAM and 4 MB of flash memory.It contained a built in stylus to help use the tiny monochrome display.
 In the same year, Microsoft announced the SPOT smartwatch and it began hitting stores in early 2004. SPOT stands for Smart Personal Objects Technology, an initiative by Microsoft to personalize household electronics and other everyday gadgets. For instance, the company demonstrated coffee makers, weather stations, and alarm clocks featuring built-in SPOT technology.The Microsoft SPOTWatch had a monochrome 90×126 pixel screen. Fossil, Suunto, and Tissot also sold smartwatches running the SPOT technology. For instance, Fossil's Abacus, which was a variant of the Fossil Wrist PDA. Sony Ericsson teamed up with Fossils, and released the first watch, MBW-100, that connected to Bluetooth.Sony Ericsson launches the Sony Ericsson LiveView, a wearable watch device which is basically an external Bluetooth display for an Android Smartphone.Sony Ericsson teamed up with Fossils, and released the first watch, MBW-100, that connected to Bluetooth.
  Watch had a monochrome 90×126 pixel screen. Fossil, Suunto, and Tissot also sold smartwatches running the SPOT technology. For instance, Fossil's Abacus, which was a variant of the Fossil Wrist PDA. Sony Ericsson teamed up with Fossils, and released the first watch, MBW-100, that connected to Bluetooth. SonyEricsson launches the Sony Ericsson LiveView, a wearable watch device which is basically an external Bluetooth display for an Android Smartphone.Sony Ericsson teamed up with Fossils, and released the first watch, MBW-100, that connected to Bluetooth.
 The list of companies that were engaged in smartwatch development activities consists of Acer, Apple, BlackBerry, Foxconn/Hon Hai, Google, LG, Microsoft, Qualcomm, Samsung, Sony, VESAG and Toshiba. Some notable omissions from this list include HP, HTC, Lenovo, and Nokia.The physical size of smartwatches is likely to be large.Insufficient battery life is an ongoing problem for smartwatch developers, as the battery life of devices at the time of publication was three to four days and this is likely to be reduced if further functions are added.New display technologies will be invented as a result of smartwatch research.The success level of smartwatches is unpredictable, as they may follow a similar trajectory to netbooks, or they may fulfill aims akin to those of Google Glass, another wearable electronic product.
 The Samsung Gear 2 was released among the few smartwatches to be equipped with a digital camera. It has a resolution of two megapixels and can record video in 720p. The Android Wear platform was introduced and the LG G Watch and Samsung Gear Live were released. The Wear-based Moto 360 was announced by Motorola.The launch of Samsung's Gear S smartwatch was covered by the media in late August 2014. The model features a curved Super AMOLED display and a built-in 3G modem.Many smartwatch models manufactured are completely functional as standalone products. Some are used in sports, the GPS tracking unit being used to record historical data. For example, after a workout, data can be uploaded onto a computer or online to create a log of activities for analysis or sharing. Some watches can serve as full GPS watches, displaying maps and current coordinates, and recording tracksSport watch functionality often includes activity tracker features also known as fitness tracker as seen in GPS watches made for training, diving, and outdoor sports. Functions may include training programs such as intervals, lap times, speed display, GPS tracking unit, route tracking, dive computer, heart rate monitor compatibility.
 Smartwatches have become widely used by schoolchildren. The devices are commonly colorful and made of plastic. They normally have no display unless a button is pushed. These smartwatches have limited capability compared to other smartwatches; their main functions consist of being able to conduct calls, displaying of time, and sometimes have air temperature sensitivity.Some smart watches can also help elderly with dementia by reporting their location to a caretaker in case they get lost, or if they fall. Hybrid smartwatches are watches with the traditional looks and feels of a watch, but they also come with smartwatch functionality.Fitbits are fitness trackers, which do have functionality similar to smartwatches, but they focus on fitness-oriented features and don't often come with the advanced features of smartwatches.





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